Bagua (or Baguazhang) is the youngest of the three Chinese so called internal martial arts, the other two being Taiji and Xingyi. The creation of Bagua is commonly attributed to a martial artist named Dong Haichuan. He developed Bagua at the 19th century when he combined his earlier martial arts experience with Taoist circle walking. Bagua is known for its evasive footwork, mobility and the use of spiraling body movements. These are developed in a unique practice of circle walking. In the practice of circle walking the bagua practitioner is walking a circle, or more precisely, "turning a circle" while holding the upper body in certain positions and sometimes changing the walking direction. First in the circle walking you strengthen your legs and whole body, increase your mobility and learn spiraling body movements and internal body mechanics that are characteristic for Bagua. In the practice of circle walking you also learn different kinds of combat techniques which you will learn to apply in practice. Bagua also includes a wide variety of forms and weapon techniques for traditional Chinese weapons.
Wade-Giles: Pa kua chang
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